Complete Wood Pellet Equipment Introduction
Obviously, the complete wood pellet equipment is applied in the wood pellet plant to produced wood pellet. Wood pellet, the final product of the complete wood pellet equipment, is a kind of renewable fuel which is used as a substitute for the fossil fuel. The complete wood pellet equipment normally consist of several equipment holds the different functions, such as the hammer mill, pellet mill, cooler and so on.
|Complete Wood Pellet equipment||Function|
|Wood chipper, also known as wood crusher is one of the raw materials size reduction machines among the complete wood pellet equipment. This type of machine can be easily found in the large scale wood pellet plant.|
|In wood pellet industry, rotary drum dryer is the most popular drying machine for the raw material drying process. It is one of the necessary machines of the complete wood pellet equipment, as the moisture content of the raw materials must be controlled between 8% – 12%.|
|The magnetic separator is an optional machine among the complete wood pellet equipment used to separate the metal contaminant from the raw materials before the next step.|
|Hammer mill is also a raw material size reduction machine among the complete wood pellet equipment. The difference between hammer mill and wood chipper is the diameter of the raw materials.|
|Pellet mill is the core machine among the complete wood pellet equipment. It is the machine that pelletized the raw materials into regular wood pellet. Normally, you can find out the complete wood pellet equipment for small scale wood pellet production adopted the flat die pellet mill, and the complete wood pellet equipment for large scale wood pellet production adopted the ring die pellet mill.|
|Pellet cooler is the temperature reduction machine for the pellet product among the complete wood pellet equipment. It is used to make the regular pellet from the pellet mill regain its proper rigidity, so that it can be transport without being deformed.|
|Pellet screener is the sieving machine for the wood pellet products before package among the complete wood pellet equipment. It is used to separate the fine particles away from the well formed wood pellet.|
|Automatic bagging machine is the packing machine among the complete wood pellet equipment. It is used to pack the wood pellet into commercial bags and bulk bags.|
The Global Demand of Wood Pellet
For the industrial investors, the market trend for the product and return on investment is what they concern the most. Therefore, to find out whether the wood pellet plant is profitable, the first thing is to study the global demand of wood pellet.
From the global statistics, we can easily find out that in 2014, the global pellet consume quantity is 25 Mt, and even under the challenging conditions in 2015, such as the low oil price, strong US dollar, and the uncertain policy support, the global pellet consume quantity in 2015 is 28 Mt, still manage to grow a little bit. Normally, we have separated the global wood pellet market into two parts, the industrial market and the heating market. Below you can find of the outlook charts of both global industrial wood pellet demand and global heating wood pellet demand provided by Hawkins Wright, one of the most famous wood pellet market analysis organizations in the world. From the outlook charts, we can see that during the following 5 years, the world’s demand for wood pellet is significantly increased in both industrial and heating market.
Global industrial wood pellet demand outlook
Global heating wood pellet demand outlook
European Industrial Pellet Market
European is the main wood pellet consume market. It is mainly because the European policies support the renewable energy and the emissions reduction policies. Such as the 2009 EU Climate and Energy Package, which has established the “20 / 20 / 20” targets (20% reduction in GHG emissions, raising the share of energy from renewable to 20%, 20% improvements in energy efficiency). In order to reach the requirements of EU Climate and Energy Package, each member state has to establish their own national renewable energy action plan. Therefore, the industrial wood pellet is the new hotspot of energy.
European Wood Pellet Market by Nations
United Kingdom is one of the largest wood pellet consumers in Europe. And the new British government waste no time to control the overspending problem in the levy control framework, and the budget will be spending on support the renewable electricity generation. Therefore the British wood pellet market will be rising steadily. Also, the new British government is desperate to realize their election promises, one of them is to end the support for onshore wind, and reduce the emission in order to better the environment. The table below shows some power generation projects that are established by the main British power companies.
Belgium is also a main consumer of wood pellet in Europe. The Max Green station is operating again, and the pellet consumption in 2015 is about 1.1 Mt. Besides, E.ON sold its coal fired power station to German Pellets, which means the station is surely convert to a pellet fired power station. And when the station starts to work, the pellet consumption will be about 1.8 Mt annually. The predicted pellet consumption in 2020 will be over 3 Mt.
If you have paid attention to Dutch news, you would know that the Dutch pellet consumption is down to zero in 2015, so some people may hold a negative thought about Dutch pellet market. Actually, the Dutch budget for 2016 shows a strong support on cofiring projects, the total budget is about € 8bn.
In 2015, Danish industrial pellet consumption is about 1.5 Mt. Even thought, there is a few murmuring from the new government about the low carbon agenda, the biomass conversion projects doesn’t influenced by it. And the pellet consumption in 2016 and 2017 is surely increased. The predicted wood pellet consumption in 2020 is over 3 Mt.
Sweden has a strong support on renewable energy. One of the main Swedish policy “green certificate” system has stringent carbon and energy taxes, which helps to improve the energy efficiency and discourage the fossil fuel consumption. The Swedish industrial pellet consumption is about 1.6 Mt in 2015, and with the increased carbon tax, the pellet consumption in the following years will definitely increased.